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Quince in Medieval Medicine

February 18, 2016 | Author: admin image 2

Medieval physicians widely used quince to treat hang-over, vomiting and blood spitting.While describing this fruit (Cydonia vulgaris Pers.), medieval authors gave wide information on its therapeutic properties. For example, Muhammad Mumin (d. 1697) wrote:

"QUINCE. Ripe fruit can be used as a tonic and has diuretic qualities. It strengthens heart and nervous system. Warm quince salve can be applied to irritated skin. Sour fruit is recommended to person with an accelerated heartbeat.

It stimulates the appetite. Fruit and juice are good against liver diseases, hepatitis, rhinitis, pneumonia and nausea. Juice can be used to stop bleeding, blood spitting, ulcers and in-juries of the urethra, vomiting and hang-over. Besides, it quenches thirst well. Quince pulp (especially of sour fruit) acts as an opiate; therefore it should be taken in small quantities, preferably with honey, stewed or in the form of jam.

Excessive consumption of fresh fruit might cause cough or colitis. The fluff of skin is strong opiate and helps to slop bleeding, but is bad for the larynx and vocal cords. The seeds are strong styptic. The infusion is good against angina, cough and irritation of the mouth.

Seed's compresses are applied to fire and sun burns. Core of seeds intensifies libido, acts as a purgative and stimulates breathing. It is used against ulcer, cough and the vocal cords' inflammation. The moisture around the seeds is good against dry cough as well as burns."

Farid Alakbarli. Medical Manuscripts of Azerbaijan.